Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) necessary for red blood cell formation, aids in metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Improves the mucous membranes in the digestive tract. Deficiency symptoms include cracks and sores at the corners of the mouth; dermatitis, dizziness, hair loss, insomnia, poor digestion and slowed mental response.
Vitamin B3 (niacin, niacinamide, nicotinic acid) circulation & healthy skin. Aids in functioning of the nervous system; in metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins; normal secretion of bile and stomach fluids and in the synthesis of sex hormones. Lowers cholesterol and improves circulation. A useful memory enhancer. Deficiency includes canker sores, depression, dizziness, fatigue, headaches, indigestion, limb pains, low blood sugar, muscular weakness, skin eruptions and inflammation.
Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) known as the “anti-stress vitamin”. Plays a role in the production of the adrenal hormones and formation of antibodies, aids in vitamin utilization, and helps convert fats, carbohydrates and proteins into energy. Required by all cells in the body and is concentrated in the organs. A stamina enhancer. Deficiency may cause fatigue, headache, nausea and tingling in the hands.
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) benefits both physical & mental health. Acts as a mild diuretic, reducing the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. Benefits water retention and the absorption of fats and protein. Aids in maintaining sodium and potassium balance and promotes red blood cell formation. Required by nervous system and is needed for normal brain function and for normal cellular growth. Helpful in the treatment of allergies, arthritis, and asthma. Deficiency includes acne, arthritis, cracks or sores on the mouth and lips, depression, dizziness, fatigue, hyperirritability, impaired wound healing, inflammation of mouth and gums, learning difficulties, weak memory, hair loss, oily facial skin, Carpal tunnel syndrome has been linked to a deficiency of vitamin B6 as well. Diuretics and cortisone drugs block the absorption of this vitamin by the body. Antidepressants, estrogen therapy, oral contraceptives may increase the need for vitamin B6.
Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) to prevent anemia. It aids folic acid in regulating the formation of red blood cells and helps the utilization of iron. Required for proper digestion, absorption of foods, aids in cell formation and cellular longevity. Prevents nerve damage (maintaining fatty sheaths that cover and protect nerve endings). Helps maintain fertility. Assists memory and learning ability. Of special benefit to the elderly and those with digestive disorders. Strict vegetarians require vitamin B12 supplementation as largest source is found almost exclusively in animal tissues.
Biotin aids cell growth. Necessary for healthy hair and skin. Helps relieve muscle pain.
Folacin is considered a brain food and is needed for energy production, the formation of red blood cells and strengthens immunity. It is helpful for anxiety. Deficiency can be caused by inadequate consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables; consumption of only cooked or microwaved vegetables. Oral contraceptives may increase the need for folic acid. Alcohol also can act as an enemy to folic acid absorption.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is an antioxidant required for tissue growth and repair, adrenal gland function and healthy gums. Aids in the production of anti-stress hormones and is needed for metabolism of folic acid, tyrosine and phenylalanine. Protects against harmful effects of pollution, against infection and enhances immunity. Increases the absorption of iron. Essential in the formation of collagen and promotes the healing of wounds and burns. The body cannot manufacture vitamin C and must therefore get it from the diet or in supplemental form.
Magnesium – like all minerals cannot be made in our body and so must therefore be plentiful in our diet in order for us to remain healthy. Two thirds of all magnesium in our body is found in our bones, some of it being used a storage site in the bone which the body can draw upon in times of poor dietary supply. Magnesium is sometimes regarded as a “smoothie” mineral, since it has the ability to relax our muscles. Our nerves also depend upon magnesium to avoid becoming overexcited, and this aspect of magnesium links this mineral to maintenance of healthy blood pressure. It is a mineral which is involved in energy production. It assists in calcium and potassium uptake. Supplementing the diet with magnesium can help prevent muscle cramp, weakness and twitching, aid premenstrual syndrome (PMS); depression, dizziness, and also aids in maintaining the body’s proper pH balance. Magnesium deficiency is at the root of many cardiovascular problems.
L-Theanine is an amino acid that is not found in protein from foods, but is found almost exclusively in the green tea plant as a free amino acid. It acts as a gentle relaxant. Helpful for anxiety, hyperactivity, emotional balance and stress-related disorders.